Facts & Figures

The historic environment is one of Scotland’s most precious assets.

Tourism

  • The UK-wide Heritage industry is worth about £50billion p.a. and supports over a million jobs (HLF 2016)
  • There are 332,000 known historic environment sites in Scotland (SHEA 2018)
  • The historic environment contributes in excess of £2.3 billion to Scotland’s economy, with £1.9 billion in GVA (SHEA 2018)
  • 15.8 million people visited historic environment attractions in 2017/18 (SHEA 2018)
  • Total spend by visitors to Scotland in 2015 was £8.87 billion.
  • The historic environment receives 18 Million visits per year, and these visits support a network of 66,000 jobs (SHEA 2018)
  • Edinburgh as a World Heritage Site is worth between £1.2 – £1.4 billion (EWH 2016)
  • 68% of visitors to Edinburgh come because of its historic vernacular, bringing an estimated expenditure of £1.16 billion p. a. (EWH 2016)

Buildings

  • 50% of all of Scotland’s homes have disrepair to critical elements (SHCS 2017)
  • 68% of traditionally built homes (pre-1919) have disrepair to critical elements (SHCS 2017)
  • Traditionally dwellings constructed before 1919, make up approximately 20% of Scotland’s building stock (STBF 2016)
  • In 2017, 40% of all dwellings failed to meet Scottish Housing Quality Standards (SHQS) (SHCS 2017)
  • 30% of homes in Scotland failed the SHQS due to Energy Efficiency, while 10% failed due to not being Healthy, Safe and Secure properties (SHCS 2017)
  • 8.5% of A-listed buildings are on the Buildings at Risk Register (HES 2018)
  • Approximately 83% of Scotland’s scheduled monuments were in optimal or satisfactory condition (SHEA 2018)
  • There are 8,121 scheduled monuments in Scotland (SHEA 2018)

Participation in the Historic Environment

  • 35% of adults in Scotland visited a historic or archaeological site in 2017 – a 7% increase since 2012 (SHEA 2018)
  • Scotland’s historic environment engaged over 17,100 volunteers in 2015 (Volunteering & Historic Environment 2016)
  • Volunteers provide 121,000 days, an average of 7 days per volunteer to help conserve the historic environment, a contribution worth £14.7 million (Volunteering & Historic Environment 2016)
  • 46% of Scotland’s historic environment organisations are run entirely by volunteers (Volunteering & Historic Environment 2016)
  • Historic Houses Association Scotland has 350 Friends and 220 Members (property or garden owners) (SHEA 2016)
  • In 2017 there were 79 Adopt a Monument Projects, compared with 32 in 2014 (SHEA 2018)

Investment

  • Historic Environment Scotland, The National Trust for Scotland and the Heritage Lottery Fund invested over £184 Million in Scotland in 2017/18 (SHEA 2018)

For full details and more figures download the latest Scottish Historic Environment Audit (SHEA)

Latest SHEA